Research Directions

The Internet of Things (IoT) has revolutionized the way we live, becoming an integral part of our daily lives. IoT technology allows devices, appliances, and machines to communicate and work seamlessly, bringing convenience and efficiency to our lives. Among the most prominent examples of IoT systems is the connected and autonomous vehicle.  Smart vehicles are/will be  equipped with advanced sensors, communication technologies, and artificial intelligence, which allow them to communicate with other vehicles, road infrastructure, and pedestrians. Such technologies aim to reduce congestion and pollution by making commutes safer, more efficient, and environmentally friendly. 

However, most of the IoT systems are vulnerable to many cyber attacks, making it essential to ensure their security, particularly for safety-critical systems (such as smart vehicles) that could result in severe consequences if attacked. To address this issue, our research group focuses on innovating and developing solutions that provide intrusion prevention, detection, and response capabilities for these systems. The solutions are designed to consider the unique resources and real-time constraints, as well as the distributed and autonomous nature of these systems.



  1. CyberSecDome, EU  [2023 - 2026]
  2. CyberCTF, Funded by the German French Academy (GFA) [2023-2024]
  3. PANDORA, EU [2024 - 2027]
  4. DTACK, GFA [2024, 2025] 
  5. SecDataGen, GFA  [2024, 2025] 


  1. nIoVe, EU H2020 [2019- 2022]



Simutack: An Attack Simulation Framework for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles

Related Publications


  • Sherin Kalli Valappil, Lars Vogela, Mohammad Hamad, Sebastian Steinhorst. "Advanced IDPS Architecture for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles". In: Proceedings of the 35th IEEE Intelligent Vehicles Symposium (IEEE IV 2024). Korea.

  • Zain A. H. Hammadehand, Monowar Hasan, Mohammad Hamad. "Securing Real-Time Systems using Schedule Reconfiguration". In: International Symposium on Real Time Distributed Computing (ISORC 2024). 

  • Andreas Finkenzeller, Oliver Butowski, Emanuel Regnath, Mohammad Hamad, and Sebastian Steinhorst, "PTPsec: Securing the Precision Time Protocol Against Time Delay Attacks Using Cyclic Path Asymmetry Analysis", IEEE International Conference on Computer Communications (IEEE INFOCOM)

  • Andrew Roberts, Mohammad Reza Heidari Iman, Mauro Bellone, Tara Ghasempouri, Olaf Maennel, Jaan Raik, Mohammad Hamad, and Sebastian Steinhorst, "ADAssure: Debugging Methodology for Autonomous Driving Control Algorithms", Design, Automation, and Test in Europe (DATE 2024)


  • Firas Hamila, Mohammad Hamad, Daniel Costa Salgado and Sebastian Steinhorst, "Enhancing security in Fiat-Shamir transformation-based non-interactive zero-knowledge protocols for IoT authentication", International Journal of Information Security, 2023. 

  • Mohammad Hamad, and Sebastian Steinhorst, "Security Challenges in Autonomous Systems Design", International Conference on Computational Technologies and Electronics (ICCTE 2023). 

  • Andreas Finkenzeller, Anshu Mathur, Jan Lauinger, Mohammad Hamad, and Sebastian Steinhorst. “Simutack - An Attack Simulation Framework for Connected and Autonomous Vehicles”. In: The 2023 IEEE 97th Vehicular Technology Conference: VTC2023-Spring. Accepted. Florence, Italy, 2023.

  • Borna Blazevic, Michael Peter, Mohammad Hamad, and Sebastian Steinhorst, "TEEVseL4: Trusted Execution Environment for Virtualized seL4-based Systems". In: IEEE International Conference on Embedded and Real-Time Computing Systems and Applications (RTCSA 2023). Niigata, Japan, pp. 10


  • Mohammad Hamad, Andreas Finkenzeller, Hangmao Liu, Jan Lauinger, Vassilis Prevelakis, Sebastian Steinhorst. "SEEMQTT: Secure End-to-End MQTT-Based Communication for Mobile IoT Systems Using Secret Sharing and Trust Delegation". In: IEEE Internet of Things Journal, , pp. 1-1. DOI: 10.1109/JIOT.2022.3221857
  • Jan Lauinger, Mohammad Hamad, Sebastian Steinhorst. "Toward a Multi-Layer Intrusion Response System for Connected Vehicles". In: The 2022 IEEE 96th Vehicular Technology Conference: VTC2022-Fall (VTC2022-Fall). London, UK, pp. 2. DOI: 10.1109/VTC2022-Fall57202.2022.10012711 
  • Andreas Finkenzeller, Thomas Wakim, Mohammad Hamad, Sebastian Steinhorst. "Feasible Time Delay Attacks Against the Precision Time Protocol". In: IEEE Global Communications Conference (GLOBECOM 2022) . Rio de Janeiro, Brazil , pp. 6. DOI: 10.1109/GLOBECOM48099.2022.10001666M
  • Jan Lauinger, Andreas Finkenzeller, Henrik Lautebach, Mohammad Hamad, Sebastian Steinhorst. "Attack Data Generation Framework for Autonomous Vehicle Sensors". In: Proceedings of the Conference on Design, Automation and Test in Europe (DATE 2022) . Antwerp, Belgium, pp. 4. DOI: 10.23919/DATE54114.2022.9774542


  • Lea Schönberger, Mohammad Hamad, Javier Velasquez Gomez, Sebastian Steinhorst, Selma Saidi. "Towards an Increased Detection Sensitivity of Time-Delay Attacks on Precision Time Protocol". In: IEEE Access, , pp. 1-1. DOI: 10.1109/ACCESS.2021.3127852
  • Mohammad Hamad, Emanuel Regnath, Jan Lauinger, Vassilis Prevelakis, Sebastian Steinhorst. "SPPS: Secure Policy-based Publish/Subscribe System for V2C Communication". In: Proceedings of the Conference on Design, Automation and Test in Europe (DATE 2021). Grenoble, France.